The permeation of polychlorinated biphenyls or PCBs is nothing short of epic. Because it was used in so many products, it has gotten into everything directly or indirectly. It is a real challenge to recycle even paper without tripping on legal statutes.
The laws that apply to toxic Monsanto PCBs (Monsanto Company was the only PCB producer in North America back in the day) are mainly the Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976 (TSCA) and the Clean Water Act of 1972 (CWA). Both laws pertain to the amount that a toxic substance can be present in any substance.
In the case of old newspapers, recyclers find themselves in what is called the PCB paradox. The ink in these old newspapers contains PCBs among other harmful substances. The TSCA allows ink producers to use PCBs as a stabilizer as long as it is not more than 50 parts for million. What recyclers do is remove the ink and treat the PCBs, but still a little bit remains in the wastewater, which usually goes into the river or the sewage plant. At this point, the CWA regulations kick in, which prohibits wastewater with more than 64 parts per quadrillion of PCBs. That is about 700 million times less than what legally goes into the plant in the form of newspaper ink.
This is a decided blow on the recycling movement, because these federal regulations make this impossible on an industrial scale. However, it is important to remember that the small amounts of PCBs discharged into the environment at this point would not have been such a big deal if Monsanto had not already recklessly discharged thousands of pounds of PCB-laden effluent. As it is toxic Monsanto PCBs are everywhere and in everything at dangerous levels. The laws are simply trying to achieve a balance between industrial need and environmental protection. If anyone should be blamed for the PCB paradox, it is the PCB producer.
Spending time in Appleton, Wisconsin? No one can blame you as it has been reported to be one of the best places to live in the United States of America. There are plenty of facilities where you and your family can enjoy your stay in Appleton and truly experience the very best that this town has to offer.
Thinking of a place where your kids can have the most fun? The Building For Kids could be exactly what you’re looking for. Spacious enough to contain a lot of educational and exciting exhibits for kids, as well as crafting areas where children are encouraged to expand their horizons and express with their imaginations, it is the perfect space for kids and parents to spend time with each other while learning new things as well!
Another quite picturesque space where the family can spend time are the Butterfly Gardens of Wisconsin. Truly beautiful and magnificent to behold, it’s like stepping into the gardens that only fairytales told you about when you were little – or the ones that your little ones still believe in. Surrounds yourself with nature and all the delicate beauty it has to offer, these gardens allow for you and your family to rekindle your soul with nature, which is always healthy. These are also quite educational for the children as they can learn about different species and appreciate nature and its many splendors firsthand.
But, truly, if you’re going to Appleton, Wisconsin – a trip to The History Museum at the Castle is mandatory in order to get the full Appleton experience. What a waste it would be if you were not to take advantage of this incredible opportunity to see all of Appleton’s wonderful history, complete with exhibits that detail the lives of notable people from this town such as Harry Houdini and Edna Ferber. There is something in this museum for everyone – kids and adults alike – and so it would really be recommended if you’re going to stop by and spend some time in Appleton, Wisconsin.
“Do not pity the dead, Harry. Pity the living.” These are words spoken by Albus Dumbledore in the famed story that is known to nearly every living person in the world today. Unfortunately, these are words that are more than simple musings of a fictional character – these are words that hold a harsh truth for it is the living who must then deal with the repercussions of having to live without their deceased loved ones.
Losing a beloved is never easy and the life lost cannot be replaced by any sum of money or with any goods or apologies. According to the law offices of Morris James, if liability can be determined to an offending guilty party, showing proof that the death was born out of negligence by that given individual or corporation, then there is unrest where peace should only reign. It can be exceedingly difficult to deal with the aftermath of loss as these are trying, emotionally charged times that can muddle the legal proceedings that can be quite perfunctory and tedious.
If prior the to death, the victim suffered wounds or damage that required medical attention, the surviving beneficiaries of the victim is entitled to reimbursements for the procedures, as well as compensation for the loss of income that befalls the loved ones now left behind and in what can only be an extremely difficult situation. Financial recompense will never replace the love and company now lost to you forever but there is some small measure of comfort that can allow you to transition back into some kind of normal in as smooth and efficient a manner as possible.
If you or someone you know has suffered a similar circumstance, do look into availing the services of a wrongful death attorney who can help you make things right. With the right kind of help, you need not even doubt the possibility that in the years now to come, even after the pain of this loss has come upon you, all can be well again.
Every year the US Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) receives reports of about 10,000 deaths and, at least, 24,000 cases of serious injuries due to rollover accidents involving, most especially, SUVs. Next to head-on collision accidents, rollovers register the highest number of deaths and grave injuries.
Any type of vehicle can rollover, most especially those that have worn out tires as the vehicle can easily lose traction and those that have the tendency to understeer, or turn lesser that intended, or oversteer, that is turn farther than it was meant to. However, because SUVs are designed with a higher center of gravity from the ground, this makes them more prone to rollover accidents than ordinary cars.
The law firm Williams Kherkher explains on its website how a serious accident can dramatically change a victim’s (and his/her family’s) present and future life/lives, especially if the physical injury and trauma leads to disability that will render the victim incapable of reporting to work for weeks or months; besides the loss of the capability to earn the victim can be faced with costly medical treatment, which he/she cannot but choose to undergo to help him/her recover.
One modern safety device that manufacturers of cars have found that could significantly lower occurrences of rollover accidents is the Electronic Stability Control (ESC). This safety feature, which the NHTSA has directed vehicle manufacturers to incorporate in their brand new and future cars, consists of sensors that have been enabled to detect loss of vehicle control. As loss of control is detected, the device applies brakes on the appropriate wheel automatically to allow the driver regain and maintain control and put the vehicle back on track. ESC is also able to help stabilize the vehicle during abrupt turns, eliminate chances of oversteering and understeering, improve traction on slippery or icy roads, and improves vehicle control on road shoulders and gravel patches.
Designing an SUV with a higher center of gravity that makes it more likely to rollover may be considered a failure in design by the manufacturer. And this act of negligence, if it ends in a personal injury, can put the manufacturer in a situation wherein he/she would be held legally responsible for any injury sustained and probably be required to compensate the victim for all present and future damages.
Consulting with a Houston personal injury lawyer, who is highly-competent in the field of tort law, can give the victim all the legal help that he/she needs and may be even be awarded by the court the full amount of compensation allowed by the law.
The axe has fallen. Johnson & Johnson (J&J) has been named as a defendant in US District Court for the Eastern District of California for its baby powder line of products. The plaintiff, Mona Estrada, alleges in her filing on April 28, 2014 that J&J did not include a warning about the increased risk of ovarian cancer with the genital use of talcum powder in their labels despite studies indicating that there is a link. The talcum powder lawsuit lawyers at Williams Kherkher cite on their website a Science World Report statement that the risk of women developing ovarian cancer is increased by 24% with the genital use of talcum powder.
Previous to this, a jury in South Dakota federal court had found for plaintiff Deane Berg of Sioux Falls, who had filed suit in 2009 after discovering that the talcum powder she had used for 30 years may have caused the ovarian cancer diagnosed in 2006. The jury agreed that J&J had failed to warn consumers about the risks associated with genital use of talc-based products. However, the jury did not believe that the product was defective and did not award damages. J&J filed a “motion for judgment as a matter of law” but U.S. District Judge Karen Schreier upheld the jury verdict; an award was still not given. Under South Dakota law, a finding of liability may still include an award of zero. Berg filed a motion for a new trial challenging the award portion of the ruling in April 2014, which was denied.
The value of this first lawsuit is that it established a precedent for this type of case, and can pave the way for other plaintiffs, whether individually or as a group, to bring issue with J&J over its negligence by failing to warn consumers about the potential danger. Records show that J&J had known about the link between their products and ovarian cancer since 1982. The author of a study indicating this was contacted about it by a J&J representation and recommended that a warning label should be added.
A putative class action is not a true class action suit until it is certified by a judge as such. If you have developed ovarian cancer that may have been caused by using Johnson’s baby powder or related product, contact a reputable talcum powder lawyer in your area to see if you can file a personal injury lawsuit against J&J.
Anticoagulants or blood thinners are agents that aim to prevent abnormal blood clot formation which is a serious consequence of having atrial fibrillation or venous thromboembolism (VTE). They also address the risk of forming blood clots in patients who have just undergone knee or hip replacement surgery. In the latter case, anticoagulants are prescribed for a limited period once hemostasis has been established, meaning that active bleeding has already stopped.
The market for anticoagulants is quite large. In the US alone, there were more than 3 million people with atrial fibrillation in 2005, and an estimated 7.5 million by 2050. Blood clots that form because of pooling in the heart due to an irregular heartbeat can lead to ischemic stroke, which makes up nearly a quarter of all stroke incidents for people between 80 and 89. VTE on the other hand causes 900,000 adverse events in the US every year.
Blood clots form as a result of a successful coagulation cascade; that is, when the mechanisms for the activation, sticking, and clumping of platelets are in place. Clot formation is an important process for repairing damaged blood vessels, the absence of which will lead to blood loss. Central to the coagulation cascade is the presence of thrombin (factor IIa), which makes it possible for platelets to clump together to form a clot.
Xarelto directly inhibits factor Xa (10-a) of the coagulation cascade, preventing the conversion of prothrombin into thrombin. When there is no thrombin formed, there is no platelet aggregation (clumping); hence, no clot. When administered, Xarelto stays in the body’s system keeping the blood from clotting for up to 12 hours, but it is at its peak strength after two hours or so after taking it. Afterwards, it is eliminated through the kidneys.
When an individual prone to abnormal blood clotting stops taking Xarelto, it increases the risk of clot formation, so it should only be discontinued upon the doctor’s advice except when uncontrollable bleeding occurs. However, the doctor should still be informed about the situation immediately so that the problem of excessive bleeding or other adverse side effects can be addressed.
Currently, there is no guaranteed way to reverse the effects of Xarelto if and when serious bleeding occurs; all that can be done is to wait it out and hope for the best. According to the website of law firm Williams Kherkher, uncontrollable bleeding and the lack of an antidote is main issue brought up in Xarelto litigation. This is a relatively new field, so if you have suffered serious side effects from using Xarelto, consult with a personal injury lawyer with extensive experience in dealing with similar dangerous drugs such as Pradaxa to get the best possible legal representation.
A lawyer search can be hard to begin. Making a poor decision in these circumstances can cause you a lot of grief. Use the following article to help you determine what qualities you should be seeking in a good lawyer.
A great tip if you’re thinking about hiring a lawyer is to make sure the lawyer you select answers all of the questions that you have. You don’t want to pick a lawyer who can’t give you a straight answer because you’ll be left in the dark and won’t know what’s going on. A good starting point is to look at his or her website. If it is anything like the website of Pohl & Berk, it will be able to answer some of your questions right away.
Make sure that your lawyer puts everything out on the table in regards to your options available. When going into a lawsuit, you will want to know all of the options that you have and if there is a plea bargain available. This will not only help you get the best result, but will ease your peace of mind.
Legal proceedings can often be confusing and complicated when you lack a background in the law, so make sure to let your lawyer know when you are confused or if you a clearer idea of what to expect from your trial. He or she should return your calls in a timely manner.
Make sure the lawyer you are hiring is suited for your needs. Like medical professionals, lawyers can be general practitioners or dedicated specialists. Know what general legal area your case is in, and narrow your search for a lawyer within that specialization to find someone with focused training and experience.
Even if you feel intimidated, never be too shy to express your concerns and fears to your attorney. A good lawyer will explain in detail what he or she is doing and keep you updated. If your attorney is being tight-lipped, it might be necessary to fire him and find someone else.
Locating a good lawyer may be difficult and can take a while. However, once you learn from the information above, you will have a much easier time. You will much more likely get a lawyer that you can trust.
Drunk driving or driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs (DUI) is a strict liability offense in most US states. This means that the prosecution does not have to prove that the driver intended to drive while intoxicated; it is based on the doctrine of foreseeable results.
But there are instances where the defendant had no intention of getting intoxicated. One scenario is when a prescribed medication induced intoxication and the side effect is not included in the list of contraindications in the medication’s instructions. Another is the ingestion of an intoxicating substance was unknowingly ingested, such as at a high school party where the punch was spiked with alcohol as a prank, and the defendant did not know. Still another is when space cakes or hash brownies are served at a party, and the defendant ate them without knowing they contained marijuana. This could also be classified as a mistake of fact, an element of the involuntary intoxication plea.
Some jurisdictions such as California expressly states that an individual who can prove involuntary intoxication cannot be convicted of a crime because they committed the offense without being conscious of it and could not have foreseen the consequences. The sting in that needle is in proving the element of free will, which is the burden of the defense.
For the defense to work, it also has to be shown that the defendant in no way intended to get intoxicated. For example, if the defendant went to a party and drank a cocktail that was more potent than anticipated, the resulting intoxication cannot be said to be involuntary as the defendant did willingly ingest alcohol. Taking medication that was clearly marked as contraindicated when driving is also not compatible with involuntary intoxication.
There are many elements that would need to come together for a successful involuntary intoxication defense, and not all jurisdictions accept it as a viable defense. It is up to the criminal defense lawyer to make the call.
It may sound like a bad joke, but there is such a thing as immunity against a wrongful death lawsuit even if negligence is clearly established. Certain groups are provided protection by the law from a wrongful death claim, which means that they cannot be held liable even if it is their fault that a person or persons died.
But like anything involving the law, it is not as simple as that.
Wrongful death claims can usually apply when a person dies from the action or inaction of another person. The opinion expressed in the website of the Ausband Firm in Atlanta is that such sudden deaths are highly traumatic for the survivors. Common situations where a wrongful death may occur would be car accidents, medical errors, dangerous premises, and equipment failures. Anyone or anything that caused the situation is generally liable under tort law.
However, there are exceptions. Government agencies and corporations, public schools, law enforcement agencies, fire departments, family members, railroad companies, generic drug manufacturers, and some medical device manufacturers have been granted immunity from wrongful death claims.
It is easy to understand why the police and firefighters are given this immunity if the injury or death occurred in the performance of their duties; it is less clear why generic drug manufacturers have the same protection. After all, the nature of firefighting and police work entails a certain degree of fatal injury potential. But it is hard to justify why manufacturers of brand name drugs can be sued while manufacturers of the generic version of the same drug cannot be.
But nothing is set in stone when it comes to the law. The immunity of generic drug companies has already been successfully challenged in California, and there is no reason why a competent wrongful death attorney in Atlanta, Georgia or in Washington, D.C. cannot do the same with the right case.
If you are a “real person of interest,” meaning you are eligible to file a wrongful death suit on behalf of the victim, then it would be best to have an experienced wrongful death lawyer on your camp. You may be compelled to pull out all the stops to get justice, and you need someone with a thorough knowledge of state law to get it properly done.
Premises liability is a complex issue in tort law, mostly because it is difficult to assign blame. Generally, the premises owner or controller is liable when a person or persons suffer injury because of dangerous conditions on the property. In order to make a claim, the plaintiff must have been licensed or invited to be on the premises in the first place. Trespassers are typically barred from bringing an action against the premises owner because their presence was not lawful.
In the case of children, however, this distinction is not applied. Children are a protected class of victims because it is assumed that they do not have the requisite knowledge or discernment to understand that they are trespassing. As such, the duty of care imposed on the premises owner is more onerous when it comes to children.
Premises liability law as it applies to children is often based on what is referred to as the attractive nuisance doctrine. Most states, including Texas and Wisconsin, apply some version of this doctrine in their tort laws. An article on the website of the Chris Mayo Law Firm in San Antonio, explains that the attractive nuisance doctrine applies to the owner of a property that represents a desirable area for children to visit i.e. swimming pool, who must take measures to neutralize the potential danger it poses to children that may enter the property uninvited and unsupervised.
A good example would be a junkyard. There are a lot of things there that would compel a curious or adventurous child to explore it. There are also a lot of opportunities there for injury to a child. The junkyard owner knows or should have known that children will trespass, and is mandated by law to secure the premises so that children will not be able to get in without being seen. Dangerous objects such as old refrigerators and broken glass must be attended to so that it will not cause harm to a child, such as taking off the refrigerator door and sweeping up the glass.
Premises liability applies when property owners fail to take reasonable care to ensure that a trespassing child will not come to harm in what he or she knows or should have realized would be a desirable property for children to visit. However, it can be a difficult thing to prove without the help of a premises liability lawyer.
If your child suffered serious injury or died on someone else’s property because of prevailing dangerous conditions, you may have recourse to civil litigation. Consult with an experienced lawyer in your state with experience in cases involving children and premises liability.